The Beechcraft T-34 Mentor is a propeller-driven, single-engined, military training aircraft derived from the Beechcraft Model 35 Bonanza. The earlier models of the T-34 were piston-driven, but the later model T-34C’s were powered by a turboprop engine. Walter Beech developed the military model as the Beechcraft Model 45.
First flight of the Model 45 was on 2 December 1948 with Beechcraft test pilot Vern Carstens at the controls. Flown for the following countries for military training and other duties: Algeria, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Columbia, El Salvador, France, Gabon, Indonesia, Japan, Peru, Philippines, Republic of China, Spain, Turkey, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Jet version of the Model 45 was called the Model 73 Jet Mentor shared many of the components with the piston engine version, major difference was the redesigned cockpit which was located further forward in the fuselage, with the air intakes in the wing roots supplying air to a single jet engine in the rear of the fuselage. First flight was on 18 December 1955. The Model 73 never went in to production.
- Commander: Jack McMahon
- Crewchief: Tom Merz
- Crew: 2
- Length: 28 ft 8 ½ in
- Wingspan: 33 ft 3 7/8 in
- Height: 9 ft 7 in.
- Wing Area: 179.6 sq ft
- Empty Weight: 2,960 lbs.
- Max Takeoff Weight: 4,300 lbs.
- Powerplant: 1 – Cont. IO -470 – 4
- Never Exceed Speed: 280 knots
- Cruise Speed: 214 kts @ 17,00 ft
- Stall Speed: 53 kts
- Range: 708 miles
- Service Ceiling: 30,000 ft.
- Rate of Climb: 1,480 ft/min
- G Limit: 6 positive, 3 negative
- Role: Trainer Aircraft
- National Origin: United States
- Manufacture: Beechcraft
- First Flight: 2 December 1948
- Introduced: 1953
- Number Built: 2,300+
- Developed From: Beechcraft Bonanza